The information stated below should be used as a guideline to attenuate injuries associated with toy store equipment. However, it is believed that these recommendations, along with the technical information in the ASTM Standards for Public Playgrounds will contribute to greater toy store safety.
What is a Public Toy store 메이저놀이터?
A public toy store refers to one intended to be applied by children ages few months through 12 years in commercial child care facilities, institutions, multiple family homes, parks, restaurants, resorts and schools.
Information in this article:
General toy store safety considerations
Toy store materials and appearing
Identifying specific toy store hazards and how to prevent them
Proper steps needed to maintain a toy store and its’ equipment
The use of platforms, guardrails and protective barriers to attenuate animal falls
There are 7 key factors you should keep in mind when installation of your toy store:
Accessibility: The surface material needs to allow access to the tools for children with ailments.
Age Divorce: Areas for different age groups should be separated by a buffer zone. This zone will reduce the chance of injury by children of varying activity levels running into each other.
Age group: Different playgrounds are structured for different age groups. The safety requirements differ with each age group. Be mindful of this group which is to be using the toy store and purchase accordingly.
Conflicting Activities: The toy store should be organized into sections to prevent injury from overlapping activities. Be sure to place shiifts and merry-go-rounds toward a corner, side or edge of a play area. Slideshow should not be slipped into a overloaded area.
Picture Lines: Visual barriers should be minimized so that caregivers, parents or supervisors can keep track of children using the toy store. Benches placed around the not in the structure allow onlookers a place to sit while they watch the youngsters.
Signage and/or Labeling: Signs should be provided to give the users guidance from what age appropriateness of the equipment, as well as how to properly use the equipment.
Watch: Make sure the examiner mindful the basic safety guidelines of the equipment.
When choosing a site for a toy store, there are a few factors that are important take into consideration:
Travel patterns to and from the toy store: Are there any hazards the way? If so, clear the hazards.
Nearby accessibility hazards (traffic, bodies of water, steep slopes, etc. ): Could a child inadvertently or intentionally run into a nearby threat? If so, provide methods to contain children within the toy store (fence, hedge). Know that the wall or hedge should still allow watching with interest by supervisors.
Sun exposure: Is the sun’s heat sufficient enough to heat metal parts, slideshow, platforms, steps or appearing enough to burn children? Will users be exposed to sunlight during the most intense area of the day? If so, consider positioning it so the bare metal is shaded. Provide warnings that the equipment will be hot in the sunlight. Consider shade providing the toy store with a shade structure.
Slope and drainage: Will loose fill material wash away in the rain? If so, consider proper drainage to prevent wash outs.
When installing a toy store, use equipment and hardware approved by the manufacturer. Follow the instructions EXTREMELY carefully or hire a toy store installer. Make sure keep all materials from the manufacturer and start a meticulous record of all examinations and maintenance. Thoroughly inspect the tools before the first use, including the hardware.
Creosote-treated wood (railroad ties, telephone posts, etc) and coatings that incorporate pesticides should not be used.
Chromated Office assistant Arsenate (CCA) was an old chemical that was used to treat wood, including wooden playgrounds. Since 2001, this treatment is no longer safe it could corrode certain materials faster than others.
Avoid bare metal for platforms, slideshow or steps. In direct sunlight, bare metal can become extremely hot and cause contact burn injuries. Use plastic lined metal, plastic or wood. Covering the toy store with a shelter is always the best option. When coating existing bare metal or using plastic lined metal, consider:
Manufacturer should ensure that users cannot eat, take a breath or absorb potentially hazardous amounts of chemical chemicals as a result of contact.
All paints should meet the CPSC (Consumer Product Safety Commission) regulation for lead paint.
Painted surfaces should be maintained regularly to prevent rust and corrosion.
Things to check regarding hardware:
All fasteners, connectors and coverings should not be extrenal without the use of tools.
All exposed hardware should be smooth to the user to prevent lacerations, penetrations, or cloth entanglement hazards.
Hardware in moving joints should be secured against accidental or unauthorized loosening.
All hardware should be corrosive resistant.
Bearings or bushings used in moving joints should be self-lubricating or easy to lubricate.
All S-hooks and C-hooks should be closed (no distance or space greater than 0. 04″).
A proper toy store surface is one of the most important factors in reducing injuries that occur when kids fall from equipment. The surface under the toy store equipment should be soft enough and thick enough to ease the impact of a child’s fall. Sod and dirt are not recommended for appearing material because of water and natural weathering which can occur at a drastic rate. There are two kinds of appearing material: unitary and loose-fill.
Unitary materials are generally ASTM tested rubber exercise mats or a pour-in-place energy diffusing material. These kinds of appearing options are an excellent option for toddlers and handicap accessible playgrounds and are usually more expensive than loose-fill materials.
CCA treated wood mulch, pebbles or dirt are not acceptable forms of loose-fill material.
Loose fill materials will constrict at least 25% over time due to use and weathering so it is a good idea to fill a use zone to comprehend than the recommended fill level. For example, if the toy store will require 9 ins of wood chips then the initial fill level should be 12 ins.
Any material tested to ASTM F1292, including unitary surfaces, manufactured wood fiber, etc.
Shredded/recycled rubber mulch
Wood mulch (not CCA-treated)
When choosing toy store equipment, it is important that you keep in mind what the intended age group will be. Children of different ages and development of development have different needs and abilities. Playgrounds are created to encourage a child’s imagination while developing new skills. If you are selecting a toy store for a school or public park, you should check your california’s guidelines on integrating handicap accessible play structures in the toy store.
Some equipment is not recommended for public playgrounds including: trampolines, moving entrances, giant strides, climbing basics that are not secured at both ends, piece of string shiifts or rock shiifts. Equipment such as platforms, moved platforms, guardrails and barriers, handrails, and methods to access and egress from play equipment have different guidelines for the different age groups (toddlers, preschool, and school age). It is important to understand that guardrails are not intended for toddlers as it is easy for them to crawl through.
It is easier for a child to climb up than it is for them to climb down. Make sure provide various methods to access and egress from the play structure so different skill levels will really feel using the equipment.
There are 6 main families of toy store hazards:
Break and Shear Points: Break and shear points can be caused by parts moving relative together, or a fixed part, during a normal use cycle, such as with a seesaw. To determine if there is a break or shear point, consider: the reality a child could easily get a body part inside the point and the closing force around the point.
Entanglement and Impalement: Drawstrings on hoods of jackets, sweatshirts, and other upper body clothing can become entangled in toy store equipment, and can cause death by strangulation. To avoid this, remove any basics, dog leashes, or similar objects attached to toy store equipment and prevent equipment with basics that are not secured at both ends. Projections on toy store equipment should not be able to entangle children’s clothing nor whenever they be large enough to impale.
Entrapment: Head entrapment can occur feet first or head first. Openings can present an entrapment threat if the distance between any interior other surfaces is greater than 3. 5 ins and less than 9 ins. Children can become entrapped by to some extent bound openings, such as those formed by two or more toy store parts. To attenuate entrapment hazards of moved platforms, infill should be used to reduce the space between moved platforms.
Sharp Points, Corners and Edges: Any sharp edge or point can cause serious lacerations. To avoid the risk of injury make sure that wood parts are smooth and not splintering, all corners are circular and all metal edges are rolled or have circular capping.
Halted Hazards: Halted components should be placed away from high traffic areas, brightly colored and should not trap back on themselves.
Tripping: Playgrounds should get rid any tripping hazards such as rapid changes in increase, anchoring devices and containment walls for loose-fill appearing.
All toy store areas should be checked for excessive wear, wear out and any potential hazards. For each piece of equipment, the frequency of thorough examinations will depend on the sort and age of the equipment, the amount of use and the local climate. To help ensure your loose-fill appearing level stays sufficient and is not displaced, it must be checked frequently and raked back into its proper place if necessary. When inspecting loose-fill appearing materials, pay particular attention to areas under shiifts and at slide exits, pooled water on mulch appearing and areas of frozen appearing.
Records of the following should always be kept:
Accidents or injuries
Platforms should be generally flat with openings that allow for drainage. A moved platform must have an access component if the difference between platforms is 12″ for toddlers or 18″ for school-age users. Access to platforms over 6 feet high (except for free standing slides) should provide an intermediate standing surface so that the child can stop and make a decision to keep going or find another way down.
Guardrails and protective barriers are used to attenuate it is likely that animal falls from elevated platforms, however; protective barriers provide greater protection for children. Guardrails should be tall enough to protect the tallest child from falling ostentatious and low enough that the smallest child cannot walk under it. Barriers are not needed if it will affect the intended use of the tools, such as climbing equipment.
Guardrails or protective barriers should be provided on the following:
There are several things to consider when choosing the perfect toy store for any outdoor area. The above information are the basic safety regulations to help children happen to be and from the toy store, to spot any potential hazards near your play area and what barriers on the unit will interrupt the distinct picture of those supervising the youngsters at play.